By Werner Stumm
Aquatic Chemistry An advent Emphasizing Chemical Equilibria in ordinary Waters moment version Edited through Werner Stumm and James J. Morgan This moment version of the well known vintage unites suggestions, purposes, and methods with the becoming quantities of knowledge within the box. multiplied therapy is on the market on steady-state and dynamic versions using mass-balance methods and kinetic details. New chapters tackle such themes as: environmental features of aquatic chemistry; new fabric on natural compounds in ordinary water platforms; using solid and radioactive isotopes in chemical and actual methods; the most recent advances in marine chemistry; solid-solution interface; kinetic issues of equilibria; metal-ligand interactions; and an improved compilation of thermodynamic information for vital reactions in typical water platforms. 1981 (0 471-04831-3) fabric 780 pp. (0 471-09173-1) Paper Chemical procedures in Lakes Edited via Werner Stumm it is a multidisciplinary research of modern learn at the actual, chemical, and organic procedures in aquatic structures. assurance comprises: distribution of parts and compounds in water and sediments; sedimentation and sediment accumulation of food and pollution; eurtophication and acidification; atmospheric deposition; redox-related geochemistry and sediment-water trade of food and metals; sediment relationship and paleolimnology; and steady-state and dynamic types. such a lot chapters specialize in the function of organic strategies and the coupling of elemental cycles via organisms. 1985 (0 471-88261-5) 435 pp. ideas of Aquatic Chemistry François M. M. Morel here's a quantitative therapy of the chemical rules that govern the composition of typical waters. gains comprise an in-depth exam of using conservation rules in chemical structures, a assessment of thermodynamic and kinetic rules appropriate to aquatic structures, and a unique presentation of a scientific method for equilibrium calculations. precise assurance is equipped related to aquatic chemistry, following the normal divisions of acid-base, precipitation-dissolution, coordination, redox and floor reactions. 1983 (0 471-08683-5) 446 pp.
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Additional resources for Aquatic Chemical Kinetics Reaction Rates of Processes in Natural Waters
Phys. Chern. 80, 330-340. Walling, C. (1975), "Fenton's Reagent Revisited", Acc. Chern. Res. 8, 125-131. Westall, 1. C. (1987), "Adsorption Mechanisms in Aquatic Surface Chemistry," in W. , Aquatic Surface Chemistry, Wiley-Interscience. New York. 2 FORMULATION AND CALIBRATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL REACTION KINETICS; OXIDATIONS BY AQUEOUS PHOTOOXIDANTS AS AN EXAMPLE Jiirg Hoigne Institute for Water Resources and Water Pollution Control (EA WAG), Dubendorf, Switzerland; Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH), Zurich, Switzerland I.
Other pathways of transformations listed in Figure 1 are the oxidation reactions for which the concentration of oxygen or hydrogen peroxide act as relevant environmental factors (Hoffmann, Chapter 3, this volume). Sometimes also the photoinduced steady-state concentrations of aqueous singlet oxygen e02) or OH radicals (OHo) or peroxyradicals (ROOo) or solvated electrons (e,;q) can be separated as controllin~ reactants (this chapter). ;e of Kinetic concepts 45 particles of semiconducting surfaces also the light-induced band-gap excitations leading to conduction band electrons and valence band holes that can mediate photoredox reactions occurring at the surface must be considered [for examples, see Hoffmann (Chapter 3, this volume), Pichat and Fox (1989), and Sulzberger [Chapter 14, this volume)].
The classification of metals presented above is pertinent to a very restricted set of conditions: (1) all ligands coordinated to the metal ion are water molecules, and (2) the entering and leaving ligands in each reaction are water molecules. When I hese conditions are not met, we are essentially comparing "apples and oranges"; different coordinated ligands, leaving ligands, and entering ligands may respond very differently to changes in the nature of the central metal ion, resulting in changes in ligand replacement rate.
Aquatic Chemical Kinetics Reaction Rates of Processes in Natural Waters by Werner Stumm