By Sirkkaliisa Jetsonen, Jari Jetsonen
Over the process a profession spanning greater than fifty years, Finnish architect and dressmaker Alvar Aalto (1898-1976) designed approximately 100 single-family homes. Aalto, who's additionally recognized for his furnishings and glassware, labored in a special type that combined modernism and standard vernacular structure. Authors Jari and Sirkkaliisa Jetsonen (Finnish summer time homes) current twenty-six of Aalto's cutting edge residences—from small summer time houses and postwar standardized housing to giant housing complexes for business commissions—built among the Nineteen Twenties to the Nineteen Sixties.
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Extra resources for Alvar Aalto Houses
In this almost rural landscape Aino and Alvar Aalto designed and built their modern home and office. The plans for the house were finished in July 1935. 12 The Aalto House incorporates many aspects of the architects’ ideals for home design and central concepts of dwelling. The first encounter with the house shows an almost entirely enclosed street facade, with only one window (that of the office reception) overlooking the street. The enclosure is further emphasized with a high brick wall, which surrounds the kitchen entrance area.
The stucco facades of the main entrance vestibule and the garden veranda contrast with the vertical wooden cladding of the main volume. The unusual combination of wooden and stucco facade elements was favored in 1920s classicist architecture for its surprising and opposite Main entrance 30 articulating effect. Aalto would use similar combinations in many of his later houses, including his own home in Helsinki (1936) and the Villa Mairea (1937–39) in Noormarkku. Most of the house’s few architectural accents, such as the circular windows and articulated trim around the six-pane windows, are concentrated on the garden facade, where the veranda, with its large windows, gives the house a more open character.
In the 1920s and early 1930s Aalto used lamps by Danish designer Poul Henningsen (1894–1967) in his houses, such as the wall lamps from the 1930s shown here. bottom Entrance hall. The PH 5 lamp model by Henningsen is from 1958. The coat rack was designed by Anna Maija Jaatinen for Artek in 1964. 56 below The kitchen was designed according to the Frankfurt kitchen principles. 57 right Living room. The tea trolley and armchairs were designed by Aalto in 1936 and exhibited at the Milan Triennial. The floor lamps were custom-made for Aalto’s National Pensions Institute in the late 1950s.
Alvar Aalto Houses by Sirkkaliisa Jetsonen, Jari Jetsonen