Download PDF by Jonathan Steinberg: All or Nothing: The Axis and the Holocaust 1941-43

By Jonathan Steinberg

ISBN-10: 0203200349

ISBN-13: 9780203200346

ISBN-10: 0203356691

ISBN-13: 9780203356692

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ISBN-13: 9780203356739

ISBN-10: 0415047579

ISBN-13: 9780415047579

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ISBN-13: 9780415071420

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ISBN-13: 9780415290692

Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy have been united in a 'brutal friendship'. either had savage racial legislation: either Hitler and Mussolini viciously denounced the 'Jewish menace'. but each one country handled the Jews fairly another way. while Jews who fell into the fingers of the German military have been consigned, nearly with out exception to focus camps, now not one Jew taken through the Italians suffered a similar destiny. Italian officials safe not only Italian Jews, yet Jewish refugees of each nationality. Jonathan Steinberg makes use of this amazing and poignant tale to solve the factors and forces underpinning either Nazism and Fascism in an try and unravel the underlying query: Why?

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Additional info for All or Nothing: The Axis and the Holocaust 1941-43

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We drive further along the street. Hundreds of Jews with bloodstained faces, with bullet holes in the head, broken limbs and gouged-out eyes run ahead of us. One of the Jews carries another one who is bleeding to death…. 71 Hitler’s greatest crime was no doubt the premeditated attempt to exterminate the Jews but no less evil was his cynical manipulation of human bestiality in all its forms. The New Order sanctioned the murder of one people by another. He demoted Jews, Russians. Serbs—‘ein Rattenvolk [a people of rats]’ SS Gruppenführer Meyszner called them72—and gypsies to the status of animals and encouraged historic enmities.

Christopher Browning paints a fascinating portrait of the civilized German general, a lover of opera, a cultivated Hellenophile, who impressed Archbishop Roncalli (later Pope John XXIII) by the simplicity and refinement of his manners, who stopped his troops from plundering synagogues in his command in Poland but who neverthless ordered a brutal campaign of retaliation against the 32 THE EVENTS Serbian civilian population for which he was later tried in the so-called ‘hostages trial’ at Nuremberg.

Arms were like hoes and rakes, part of a peasant’s stock of tools. Mountains were high and crossed by donkey tracks. Sporadic fighting had already broken out as Serbs resisted the Croatians. Now, partly under the influence of organized communist cadres, formal revolt began, on 13 July in Montenegro and on the 27th in the Lika, the zone between the Dalmatian coast and the mountains. 75 Local garrisons were overrun and columns of troops ambushed in the high valleys. ’76 Two days late reported even more astonishing news: the population of the Lika beg the Italian army to occupy immediately the entire zone of the province being unable to resist or live here because of the Croatian atrocities.

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All or Nothing: The Axis and the Holocaust 1941-43 by Jonathan Steinberg

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