By ACI Committee 376
This code offers minimal specifications for layout and building of strengthened concrete and prestressed concrete constructions for the garage and containment of refrigerated liquefied gases (RLG) with carrier temperatures among +40 and –325°F. the foundations indexed herein are appropriate to concrete foundations of double-steel tanks topic to the approval of the landlord.
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Additional info for ACI 376-11 - Code Requirements for Design and Construction of Concrete Structures for the Containment of Refrigerated Liquefied Gases and Commentary
3 Certain hazards and other transient conditions result in thermally-induced stresses that should be addressed in design. Such conditions include cool-down, in-tank fire, adjacent-tank fire, liquid spill, and hydrotest. These conditions require calculations using realistic values of thermal 38 Requirements for Concrete Structures for Containment of Refrigerated Liquefied Gases (ACI 376-11) Code Commentary conductivity K and specific heat c. Moisture influences the thermal conductivity and specific heat in proportion to the moisture content of the concrete.
9-2). 3. 7 For normal loading conditions, ACI 350 includes creep under T-type loading and, as per Eq. 2. 2 load factor is used in combination with other loads as per ACI 350, Eq. (9-2). 1(a). 6 is used, as per ACI 350, Eq. (9-2). General live loads are not required to be combined with abnormal loadings. 3. 2 is used as per ACI 350, Eq. (9-2). 3. 6 should be used per ACI 350, Eq. (9-4) and (9-6). 1(b). Wind loads are not required to be combined with abnormal loadings. 3. 6 should be used per ACI 350, Eq.
4 Creep and drying shrinkage—Estimations of creep and drying shrinkage shall be based on the most probable values of such effects in service. The value of concrete creep coefficient for use in the design shall be that for ambient temperature determined in accordance with ASTM C512. 4 The most probable value, rather than the upper-bound values of a variable, is used in assessing creep and drying shrinkage. 1R. Creep in concrete decreases with decreasing temperature roughly in proportion to the decrease in elastic strain at low temperatures.
ACI 376-11 - Code Requirements for Design and Construction of Concrete Structures for the Containment of Refrigerated Liquefied Gases and Commentary by ACI Committee 376