A Peaceful and Working People: Manners, Morals, and Class by William E. French PDF

By William E. French

ISBN-10: 0826316832

ISBN-13: 9780826316837

The mining growth that started in northern Mexico within the Eighteen Nineties set in movement primary social switch. at the one hand it uprooted many employees, and the troubles of presidency officers, middle-class, reformers, and corporate managers coalesced into legislation and courses to manage the stressed lots. yet alterations within the mining economic system and political tradition additionally induced category cognizance between retailers and artisans in addition to expert and unskilled staff. This research of the Hidalgo mining district in Chihuahua from the Nineties to the Nineteen Twenties examines category formation, particularly its relation to social keep watch over, renowned values, and pre-industrial traditions. In arguing that classification identification stemmed much less from the character of one's paintings than from the ideals one held, this paintings brings jointly the disparate issues of ethical financial system of mine staff, new mining expertise, and the administration coverage of mine vendors through the Mexican Revolution.

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Extra resources for A Peaceful and Working People: Manners, Morals, and Class Formation in Northern Mexico

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55 Between 1900 and 1910, mining managers introduced pneumatic drills into Mexican mines. 56 By 1920, air drills had replaced sledgehammers to such an extent that mining engineers in the copper camps concluded that only old-timers doublejacked. 57 As mine managers in Mexico reached the same conclusion as managers throughout North Americathat is, that pneumatic drills could increase productivitythey had little difficulty in making the decision to invest in the new drilling technology. In 1909, George Laird, the resident manager of the Candelaria Mines in Chihuahua, explained the bottom line to his board of directors in the United States.

Chapter 1 examines the changes in the nature and organization of mining that resulted from the application of capital and new technology to this industry. As well as setting limits and exerting pressures on those living and working in northern Mexico, these changes led to the need for a new kind of worker. The managerial practices designed to increase worker subordination and inculcate values of time and work discipline are discussed in Chapter 2. Page 12 Managers made use of incentive, including an employment package and the company store, as well as force in order to attract and keep workers.

One takeover that caught the imagination of the border press was the purchase of Pedro Alvarado's mine, the Palmilla, by a Texas financial syndicate headed by A. J. McQuatters. Pedro Alvarado, referred to (inaccurately) as a multimillionaire peon who had gone broke, was an entrepreneur whose mining methods shocked American mining experts. 33 In many ways, Pedro Alvarado's demise represented the end of one era and the beginning of another. Gone were inefficient mining methods, mining without up-to-date machinery, sloppy accounting practices, and lax labor control.

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A Peaceful and Working People: Manners, Morals, and Class Formation in Northern Mexico by William E. French

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