By John W. P. Ost
Creation to laboratory experiments within the box of psychology, easy for creation university classes
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Extra resources for A Laboratory Introduction to Psychology
Call the first stimulus any number that seems to you appropriate. Then assign successive numbers in such a way that they reflect your subjective impressions. For example, if a weight seems 20 times as heavy, assign it a number 20 times as large as the first. If it seems one-fifth as heavy, assign a number one-fifth as large, and so forth. " After reading the instruction, E presents the blindfolded S with the eight weights in a random order. The first weight in the randomly ordered series is the standard stimulus for that S throughout the experiment, and S assigns it any number he pleases.
On DRH the animal is rewarded only if one response follows another by a fixed, short interval. The animal must then respond rapidly to receive a reward, and this contingency leads to high rates of responding. 5. Other schedules. Much more complicated schedules may be obtained by combinations of the simpler schedules. Among the more complex schedules are: Tandem schedules—a single reinforcement is provided for completing two different schedules in succession. Multiple schedules-two schedules alternate with a stimulus (SD) marking the change from one schedule to the other.
We shall be concerned in these experiments with AL for distance. In the neighborhood of large objects, the AL for distance should be large, and in the neighborhood of small objects, AL should be relatively low. The result can be an optical illusion. MATERIALS Each stimulus consists of a short line with a square at each end. The length of the line is varied, using the following five lengths: (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) 20/32 25/32 30/32 35/32 40/32 inch inch inch inch inch These lines are drawn, centered the long way, on sheets of paper; three copies of each are made, a total of 15 sheets of paper.
A Laboratory Introduction to Psychology by John W. P. Ost