By Georgina M. Montgomery
A better half to the background of yank Science bargains a suite of essays that supply an authoritative evaluation of the latest scholarship at the background of yankee science.
- Covers issues together with astronomy, agriculture, chemistry, eugenics, sizeable technological know-how, army expertise, and more
- Features contributions through the main finished students within the box of technology history
- Covers pivotal occasions in U.S. background that formed the improvement of technology and technology coverage comparable to WWII, the chilly struggle, and the Women’s Rights movement
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Additional info for A Companion to the History of American Science
Hooton and the Hootonians The profound attention afforded to Boas and the Boasians has left other corners of anthropology’s history relatively less examined. Among them is physical and biological anthropology, particularly during the twentieth century. Boas’s vision was expansive enough to encompass four fields. But because he produced so many talented students of culture, his influence on physical anthropology was lest manifest, even if Boas himself did anthropometric work (Little and Kennedy 2009).
Monogenists contended that all of humanity was descended from a single set of ancestors in accordance with biblical accounts. Polygenists argued instead that the “races” constituted fundamentally distinct species. Morton was a vehement polygenist, holding not only that “races” were created separately but that on the basis of their morphology they were discernibly inferior. Morton’s polygenesis found widespread support in the antebellum United States, as well as some sympathy abroad. His most notable supporter was Harvard geologist Louis Agassiz (1807–1873), who maintained his adherence to Mortonian polygenesis well after the Darwinian revolution.
Historians of American anthropology must therefore account for twin currents: first, how did American anthropology professionalize into such a prominent academic discipline; and second, why, despite having achieved that status, did it seem at risk of fracture? This chapter will survey the history of American anthropology from its colonial antecedents to its late-twentieth-century forms, paying particular attention to the emergence of that fundamental paradox. Because this chapter sweeps across generations and is embedded in a complicated national and intellectual milieu, some closer consideration of terms is in order.
A Companion to the History of American Science by Georgina M. Montgomery